Biochemical and Molecular Methods

Biochemical and Molecular Methods are the biochemical and Molecular methods used in toxicology, which involves the use of protein and fatty acid profile, vegetative compatibility testing and molecular techniques, such as DNA extraction, restriction digestion, use of restriction fragment length polymorphism, PCR and probes, for the classification and identification of  Toxins .DNA sequencing, as a powerful tool in the identification and characterization of the specific genes involved in pathogenicity and resistance.
( How cell cultures play an important role in the extrapolation of toxic effects ?)
(How toxicants involve changes in gene expression ?)
(How antibodies fitting them for use in Immunological methods ?)